Skinners and Glovers Company
Newcastle Upon Tyne
The Skinners and Glovers of Newcastle Upon Tyne
A skinner is a person who makes a living by working with animal skins. The skill of the skinner determines whether he or she successfully removes the pelt properly for use in the leathermaking or parchment making process. Meat from the dead animal is also gathered, for sale to the cooks, who make fine foods for all to enjoy. The pelt skinner is another adventuring skill, as some of the skins thusly gathered come from animals which would just as easily kill a man (or woman) as we might swat a fly. Some pelts are highly sought after.. especially the elusive colors, such as black and white.. maybe even red.
A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a garment covering the hand. Gloves have separate sheaths or openings for each finger and the thumb; if there is an opening but no covering sheath for each finger they are called “fingerless gloves”. Fingerless gloves with one large opening rather than individual openings for each finger are sometimes called gauntlets. Gloves which cover the entire hand but do not have separate finger openings or sheaths are called mittens.
Skinners & Glovers in Newcastle
The ancient ordinary of the Skinners company is dated January 20th 1437. The society were to meet on a Tuesday after Michaelmas every year, unless that festival should fall on a Monday, and then on the Tuesday seven-night following, to choose their stewards, and pass their accounts. The different orders in contained, together with others of a subsequent date, were transcribed into their present book, 1735. One of these forbade the use of tobacco at their meetings, under penalty of 3d. for every offence.
The Glovers, one of the bye-trades, occur in 1648 as renting part of the Skinners’ meeting-house, at the annual rent of five shillings. They appear to have been incorporated with the Skinners about the year 1703.
In 1712, their meeting-house, on the west side of the Black Friars, was repaired at their joint expense. The Ordinary of the Glovers’ society, dated January 20th, 1436, enjoined them to go together in procession at the feast of Corpus Christi, in a livery, and play their play at their own charge; to choose annually three stewards; that apprentices should serve seven years, on pain of forfeiting 6s. 8d. “to the light of the said craft;” that no Scotsman born should be taken apprentice, nor allowed to work in the town, under penalty of 40s.
On April 12th 1643, at the quarter sessions holden at the Guild Hall at Newcastle upon Tyne, information was made against William Ramsey, button-maker, for tagging of points, which was proved to be part of the Glover’s trade, and tryed by a verdict jury. Ramsey was cast in forty shillings, and the charges of the court.
Most probable date of Incorporation: 1437
39 Jedburgh Gardens
Newcastle upon Tyne